All About BNCC News

Bulk materials handling

Jul 23

What is Bulk Material Handling?

A bulk material handling system allows the transfer of materials from one place to another. The materials can be anything from sand, coal, grain, or even food such as rice, coffee, or other dry products.

There are different systems for bulk handling, but all find common ground in that they move large quantities of unpackaged products from one location to another. Bulk material handling solutions are often used in manufacturing plants and warehouses to move materials from storage systems to an assembly or transportation vehicle such as a truck or train.

Bulk Materials Handling Engineering

Bulk material handling is an engineering field centered on the design of equipment used for handling dry materials. Bulk materials are dry materials that are lumpy, granular or powdery and are stored in heaps.

Bulk Materials

Examples of bulk materials are animal feed or pet food, minerals, ores, coal, cereals, woodchips, sand, gravel, clay, cement, plastic, ash, salt, chemicals, grain, sugar, and flour. Other materials considered bulk are food products, sludge, wastewater, and chemicals. The equipment most often used in bulk material handling generally falls into three categories: transport equipment, storage equipment, a processing site, or feeding devices.

Bulk Material Handling System

Bulk materials handling refers to the packaging, processing and transportation of bulk materials in preparation for shipping or sale.

Essential Functions

Bulk material handling can combine multiple functions such as storage, transport and processing. This allows for the shipment or sale of additional products. It requires experience and knowledge of suppliers in the industry to find a solution that works best for your business.

What Are Bulk Material Handling Systems?

Bulk material handling systems are used in many different industrial settings to convey and transport materials from one location to another. This type of equipment is typically used to transport dry bulk materials, such as gravel, sand, coal, and food products. Some bulk materials can be weighty, so this equipment needs to be large and sturdy enough to handle conveying the material.

Parts Of Bulk Materials Handling Equipment

Most bulk material handling systems include several types of conveyors and other machinery that are used to move bulk materials from one location to the next. These pieces of equipment can consist of bucket elevators, drag conveyors, screw conveyors, and belt conveyors. These machines are used to move bulky and solid materials from one place to the next. They are often powered by hydraulics or electricity.

Uses Of Bulk Material Handling Systems

This equipment is used in many industries such as mining, construction, and food processing. These industries use bulk material handling equipment to transport bulk materials such as gravel and soil. It can also be used to transport food products like cereal or grain.


Bulk material handling equipment is used for transporting, processing, and packaging bulk materials like bulk solids before shipment or sale. There are many types of bulk material handling systems. The type of application they are used for and the materials they can handle are what distinguish them.

Process Of Bulk Materials Handling

Handling bulk materials involves several steps. First, you need to create a plan for moving the material from one place to another. This plan can include logistics such as how fast material should be transferred, where it will be stored, and what type of equipment will be used.

The Basic A toB Process

Firstly a plan needs to be made. Once a plan is formulated, the next step is to load and unload materials at the source location. When loading or unloading, employees should follow safety procedures.

The third step in handling bulk materials is transporting them from one location to another, which can involve using trains, trucks, or even conveyor belts, depending on what's available.

Unloading Systems

Once the materials have arrived at their destination, they must be unloaded. This requires coordination among workers to ensure that each piece is clearly identified before it touches the ground again.

Those who need it most get access once everything else has been taken care of first by others who are responsible for doing just that. Some are responsible for loading/unloading them and organizing them properly so it is easy enough to find when needed while being kept safe from damage.

Systems Involved

These systems can be used in many industries including manufacturing, food processing and agriculture.


The process of bulk materials handling involves segmenting the product into various stages for processing and packaging. Because bulk materials vary significantly by size, shape, and weight (as well as delivery form), each system is designed to meet the specific needs of the product being handled.

Adjusting to Projects

There are many configurations for bulk materials handling systems, depending on the material characteristics and end-use applications.

Conveyor Used For Bulk Materials Handling?

Bulk materials cannot all be handled by one conveyor. These guidelines will help you to ask the right questions.

1. Mass flow: Do I need a mass flow, or a funnel flow design?

2. Capacity: How much material do you need to handle? Do you prefer pounds/hour or tons/hour?

3. Material properties: Is your material free-flowing or non-free-flowing?

4. Bulk density: What is the loose bulk density of your material, pounds per cubic foot, or kg/cu. m?

5. Trough angle: What trough angle do you want to use?

6. Belt speed: What belt speed do you want to use?

7. Particle size: What is the maximum particle size of your material (top height)? Is there any material that could be choking if it gets stuck in the conveyor trough?

8. Temperature: Is your material hot, cold, or ambient? Are you able to remove it?

9. Drop distance: How far can you drop if you have to use a vertical lift?

Bulk material handling systems consist of many pieces of equipment that perform a specific function. There are four main types of machines used in bulk material handling systems.

Bulk Material Handling Equipment - Types Of Conveyors

  • Belt Conveyors

  • Chain Conveyors

  • Bucket Elevators

  • Screw Conveyors


Bulk material handling systems are an integral part of many manufacturing and construction processes. This field focuses on the transportation, storage, and distribution massive amounts of materials.

Bulk material handling equipment's main goal is to provide cost-effective and efficient solutions. Producers are always looking for the most efficient and cost-effective ways to store, transport, and get materials to their end-users as quickly as possible.

Bulk material handling equipment is one of the most critical aspects of industrial production. Without it, many companies wouldn't be able to function.