Unemployment is on the middle of the elections in Bihar. 2 out of three folks within the state haven’t any job
While unemployment has been the focus of attention in almost every corner of the country, Bihar has a worse story to tell. Bihar is one of the poorest states in India and has to contend with an unemployment rate that is twice the national average. After the lockdown caused significant economic turmoil in April and May, the unemployment rate in Bihar rose to 46 percent, while the unemployment rate across India was 24 percent over the same period, according to the Center for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE). With a gradual easing of the restrictions, the unemployment rate in Bihar fell to 12 percent, but that too is much higher than the simultaneous all-India estimate of 6.7 percent.
The employment rate in Bihar was 33.8 percent in September 2020, which means that only one in three Biharis adults is employed. In the previous three months, the employment rate was on average only 30 percent worse.
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The suffering of migrant workers was evident across the country, but Bihar was hit harder as it is home to a comparatively large number of such workers. Over the decades, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar have been the main emigration states, the RBI said in its latest report. Even in the future, job losses could be significant for some low-investment countries like Bihar, which have seen a large proportion of migrants for employment overseas in recent years, the RBI report added.
Unemployment in Bihar has increased steadily. Surprisingly, it has increased faster than the overall Indian average, especially since 2018. In 2016 and 2017, the unemployment rate in Bihar was lower than the overall Indian average. It is therefore obvious why unemployment was the focus of the elections in Bihar. While the opposition has pledged to create 10 lakh additional jobs in Bihar, clarifying the nature of jobs more than the number of jobs is more important, CMIE added. Furthermore, A one-off bonus of one million or even two million jobs does not seem appropriate in view of unemployment and the misery that goes with it.
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